A COVENANT FOR ALL PEOPLES
PART 4 - THE NEW COVENANT IS THE COVENANT OF PROMISE
AARON—The Old and New Covenants are essential extensions of the Everlasting Covenant that God had made with Abraham and his seed. Only God's Covenant with the nations of Israel, the provisions of the law given through Moses, were, in a very limited sense, set aside.
“For when God made (the) promise to Abraham, since He could swear by none greater, He swore by Himself, saying: Surely, blessing, I will bless you, and multiplying, I will multiply you. And thus, having patiently endured, he (Abraham) obtained the promise. Wherein, God, being minded to show more abundantly unto the heirs of the promise the immutability of His counsel, interposed with an oath: that by two immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we (of the Church) may have strong encouragement, who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us.” (Heb.6:13—15,17 and 18)(Salvation is always by God's grace, grace, wonderful grace.)
aaron—Here again, we see the prophetic Church in full view when God was making His promise to Abraham. God's original desire was to show us (the members of His Congregation) the unchanging nature of His counsel. That we of the Church, who are also "the heirs of the promise", may have that strong encouragement in this hope that is now set before us.
“Now to Abraham were the promises spoken, and to his seed. He did not say: And to seeds, as of many, but as of One: And to your seed, which is Christ. A Covenant confirmed beforehand by God, the law (the Old Covenant), which came four hundred and thirty years after (the Covenant of Grace made with Abraham), does not annul, so as to make the promise of no effect. For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no more of promise. But God granted it to Abraham by promise.” (Gal.3:16—18)
aaron—The Everlasting Covenant of Grace has always had complete preeminence over the law: Where salvation is always the consequence of God’s boundless grace. Whereas the Law was strictly designed to teach and to guide, it was always God's grace that was designed to save.
“(Again): For not through the law was the promise to Abraham, but through the righteousness of faith. For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made ineffective.” (Rom.4:13 and 14)
aaron—First, there is a simple comparison being made between the law of Moses and God's free gift of faith. Then the "promise" spoken of here, since it appears to be selectively choosing some out from the institutional corporate /in this case, from those "of the law", this selective choosing is surly directed at just God's holy priesthood—only His invisible elect saints.
“By the works of the law, shall no flesh be justified in His sight.”
(Rom.3:20a; Ref. Gal.2:16, 3:11, and Ps.143:2)
aaron—This New Covenant (Testament) has been in full effect since the last Passover supper where it was instituted by our Lord. The New Covenant is God's established instruction for this final dispensation: The manifestation and explanation of the dispensation of God's unfavored grace toward all peoples. God has, in fulfillment of His earlier promise to Abraham, opened wide the door of salvation to all the peoples, tribes, tongues, and nations of the entire earth: All in Christ. It is because of our sinful nature that the truth of this passage from Rom.3:20a rings so clear. It is simply because the Law always condemns. But then thanks be to God for ever and ever—because His boundless grace always forgives and saves. So whether you are considering the Old Testament dispensation or the New Testament dispensation, it is only our Sovereign God who graciously justifies and sanctifies His peoples!
“Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. Is the law than against the promise of God? God forbid! For if there had been a law given which could make alive, truly, righteousness would have been of the law. But the Scriptures shut up all things under sin, that the promise by the faith of Jesus Christ might be given to (all) them that believe.” (Jews and non—Jews alike.) (Gal.3:20—22)
aaron—Once again, there is no law that can make alive. The law only reveals sin.
[a] The law condemns. [b] Grace forgives.Amen.